Opioid Addiction Resources

If you are an investigator seeking access to any of these datasets, please contact one of the research navigators based in your state: 

Maine: Kerri Barton
Vermont: Diantha Howard


National Institute on Drug Abuse

State: Maine & Vermont
Years of data available: 2014-2017

National clinical trials data.

National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)

State: Maine & Vermont
Years of data available: 1996-2017

The NSDUH is a national survey administered annually by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) to youth grades 6 through 12 and adults ages 18 and up. The instrument collects information on substance use and health at the national, regional and state levels. The advantage of NSDUH is that it allows comparisons to be made across the lifespan (that is, ages 12 and up).

Northern New England Poison Center (NNEPC)

State: Maine & Vermont
Years of data available: Unknown

Data include the number of confirmed cases where exposures are judged to be substance abuse-related (i.e., an individual's attempt to get high). NNEPC collects detailed data on specific substances involved in poisonings, including the categories of stimulants/street drugs, alcohol, opioids, asthma/cold and cough, benzodiazepines, antidepressants, and pharmaceuticals, as well as other substances. The opioid category includes Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, buprenorphine, methadone, tramadol, morphine, propoxyphene, codeine, hydromorphone, stomach opioids, Meperidine (Demerol), heroin, Fentanyl, and other/unknown opioids. These data are only reflective of cases in which the Poison Center was contacted. 

Maine Drug Enforcement Agency (MDEA)

State: Maine
Years of data available: Unknown

The data included in this report represents those arrested for a drug offense but does not indicate what other drug(s) may have been seized. For example, a person may be arrested for the sale of cocaine but also be in possession of oxycodone and marijuana. It is important to note that arrests and multi-jurisdictional drug enforcement are resource-dependent; such funds fluctuate from year to year, and must be reallocated to combat highest priority threats.

Maine Emergency Medical Services (EMS)

State: Maine
Years of data available: Unknown

EMS collects data statewide from the 272 licensed ambulance and non-transporting services. It is mandated that services submit an electronic patient care report to Maine EMS within one business day of patient contact. Data are compiled upon request

211Maine

State: Maine
Years of data available: 2009-2018

Number of monthly substance abuse service request calls for state and by county

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)

State: Maine & Vermont
Years of data available: Unknown

Question #ME06Q02 asks about use of prescription drugs for non-clinical purposes

Maine Integrated Youth Health Survey

State: Maine
Years of data available: 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017

The MIYHS is a statewide survey administered biennially since 2009 through a collaborative partnership between Maine Department of Health and Human Services and Maine Department of Education. Its purpose is to quantify the health-related behaviors and attitudes of 5th through 12th graders by direct student survey. The survey collects information on student substance use, risk factors related to substance use, as well as consequences, perceptions and social risk factors related to substances, and collects information on many other health factors. Interactive data is available here

Maine Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME)

State: Maine
Years of data available: Unknown

The Maine Office of the Chief Medical Examiner investigates all deaths associated with drug overdose. Analysis of these cases is currently funded by the Office of Attorney General. The death data are reported on an annual basis after cases are finalized, and released through the Attorney General's Office. Drug categories reported include methadone, cocaine, benzodiazepines, oxycodone, fentanyl, and heroin/morphine.

Maine Office of Data, Research and Vital Statistics (Death Certificates)

State: Maine
Years of data available: 2010-2015

The death certificates are the source documents for the data on the vital events in Maine. The data include Maine resident deaths in which the death certificate included any mention that alcohol or drug use may have had a role. Data include unintentional, self-inflicted, assault and undetermined intent deaths.

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)

State: Maine
Years of data available: 1999-2008

PRAMS is an ongoing, population-based surveillance system designed to identify and monitor selected maternal behaviors and experiences before, during,. and after pregnancy among women who have recently given birth to a live infant. Data are collected monthly from women using a mail/telephone survey.

Maine Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP)

State: Maine
Years of data available: 2012-2016

PMP maintains a database of all transactions for class C-II through C-IV drugs dispensed in the state of Maine. Drug categories used in this report include narcotics (opiate agonists), sedatives, and stimulants. Prescription counts do not reflect amounts in terms of dosage or quantity of pills, but rather represent the volume of active prescriptions during the time period.

Web Infrastructure for Treatment Services

State: Maine
Years of data available: Unknown

WITS does not capture data from all treatment facilities or services provided in Maine and therefore is not a complete representation of ALL substance use treatment services provided in Maine. WITS is the State system that all licensed substance abuse treatment agencies are required by licensing rule to submit all substance abuse treatment services rendered into. However there are many organizations and private practitioners such as primary care practitioners and independent substance use licensed counselors who are not mandated to enter data in to the system. Analyses in this report are based on clients’ reported primary, secondary and tertiary drug(s) of choice as well as other demographic and background information that is collected at intake. It is important to note that the WITS system is not static; therefore 2016 numbers may be artificially low. Drug categories included in this report are alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, heroin, synthetic opiates, methadone/buprenorphine and benzodiazepines.

Maine Health Data Organization (MHDO)- Hospital claims data

State: Maine
Years of data available: 1990-2017

MHDO data includes all inpatient admissions to all hospitals in Maine. Data categories created by the authors include alcohol, opioids, illegal drugs, and pharmaceuticals. All drug categories include intoxication, abuse, dependence, and poisoning cases related to the drug. The opiate category includes methadone, heroin, and opiates. The illegal drug category includes crack/cocaine, cannabis, and hallucinogens. The pharmaceuticals category includes all other non-opioid medications (including stimulants and depressants).

Maine Health Data Organization (MHDO)- All Payer Claims Data**

State: Maine
Years of data available: 2003-2017

The entities that are required to submit claims data include: insurance companies and third party administrators. There are eligibility threshold levels described in Rule Chapter 243 that have changed over the years. MHDO also receives data from the state’s Medicaid Program-MaineCare and Medicare data from CMS. Claims data submissions include files with member eligibility, medical claims, pharmacy claims, and/or dental claims information. Key highlights of some of the data elements are: detailed diagnosis, procedure, payment, and provider and geographical information. **The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued the final rule to update and modernize the Confidentiality of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Patient Records, 42 CFR Part 2. The regulations became effective as of March 21, 2017.   In general, the 42 CFR Part 2 rule limits data shared about a substance use disorder (SUD) service by a Part 2 Provider as well as other lawful holders of data related to services rendered by Part 2 providers.

Treatment Data System

State: Maine
Years of data available: Unknown

TDS is a statewide database that includes information about clients admitted to treatment in SAMHS-funded facilities through December 2014. Analyses in this report are based on clients’ reported primary, secondary and tertiary drug(s) of choice as well as other demographic and background information that is collected at intake. It is important to note that the TDS system is not static. Drug categories included in this report are alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, heroin, synthetic opiates, methadone/buprenorphine and benzodiazepines.

EPIC: MaineHealth data

State: Maine
Years of data available: 2013-present depending on location

Electronic Health Record utilized by most MaineHealth member institutions

EPIC: University of Vermont data

State: Vermont
Years of data available: Unknown

All payer claims data**

State: Vermont
Years of data available: Unknown

**The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued the final rule to update and modernize the Confidentiality of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Patient Records, 42 CFR Part 2. The regulations became effective as of March 21, 2017.   In general, the 42 CFR Part 2 rule limits data shared about a substance use disorder (SUD) service by a Part 2 Provider as well as other lawful holders of data related to services rendered by Part 2 providers.

Healthcare Cost & Utilization Project (HCUP) 

State: Maine & Vermont
Years of data available: 2002-2014

AHRQ Healthcare Cost & Utilization Project - Nationwide Inpatient Sample (HCUP-NIS): The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) is a unique database of hospital inpatient stays. It contains data from approximately 8 million hospital stays each year. NIS data are available from 1988 to 2009, allowing analysis of trends over time. Data elements include: Primary and secondary diagnoses, Primary and secondary procedures, Admission and discharge status, Patient demographics (e.g., gender, age, race, median income for ZIP Code), Expected payment source, Total charges, Length of stay, and Hospital characteristics (e.g., ownership, size, teaching status).

VT Department of Health Alcohol & Drug Abuse Programs

State: Vermont
Years of data available: Unknown

The Health Department has a wealth of data and tools for community partners, researchers and students on a wide range of public health topics. Use our data explorer to navigate community profiles, performance scorecards, the environmental public health tracking portal, health statistics and vital records, 3-4-50 pages – and much more!