Faculty Publications

The Department of Emergency Medicine faculty at UVM produced 150 peer-reviewed publications from 2017-2022, and continue to contribute to the emergency medicine literature. Our emergency medicine residents and students at the Larner College of Medicine benefit from mentorship in our various areas of scholarship. This page shows a few of our publications, sorted by topic.

Case Reports
  • DeLuca, M. Barkhuff D, et al. Case Presentations of the Harvard Affiliated Emergency Medicine Residencies: Weakness after Diving.  J Emerg Med. 2019 Mar;56(3):332-336. Epub 2019 Jan 23.
  • Herrington RBidad R, et al. Serotonin syndrome after electroconvulsive therapy for refractory depression, Toxicology Communications, 2:1, 66-68, 2018. 
  • Leonard M, Reardon L, Secko M, Valenzuela R.  Left atrial rhabdomyosarcoma diagnosed by Emergency Department point-of-care echocardiography.  Am J Emerg Med.  2018 Oct;36(10):1923.e5-1923.e7.  doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.06.042.  Epub 2018 Jun 21.  PMID: 30029817
  • Siket MS, Silver B. The 10-Second Stroke: A Case Report. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2015;24:e133-4



  • Kornblum JA, Daugherty RJ, Bounds R, Vance A, Graif A. Diagnostic Yield of Computed Tomographic Pulmonary Angiography for Suspected Pulmonary Embolism Varies Across Settings Within a Community-Based Health System. Emergency Radiology, October, 2020. PMID: 33000363.
  • Parks C, Bounds R, Zeserson E. Investigation of Age-Adjusted D-Dimer Using an Uncommon Assay. Am J Emerg Med. 2019 Jul;37(7): 1285-1288. PMID: 30291035
  • Sullivan A, Beshansky JR, Ruthazer R, Murman DH, Mader TJ, Selker HP. Factors associated with longer time to treatment for patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes: a cohort study. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2014 Jan;7(1):86-94. PMID: 24425697
  • Sullivan A, Schlauch A, Weimersheimer P, Herrington RR.  CT Utilization for suspected Pulmonary Embolism: A Retrospective Study.  (In Review)
Critical Care and Trauma
  • Bouchard, BA and Freeman K. Thrombin formation, in Trauma Induced Coagulopathy, Second Edition, Chapter 4.
  • Daly M, Long B, Koyfman A, Lentz S. Identifying cardiogenic shock in the emergency department. Am J Emerg Med. 2020 Sep 23:S0735-6757(20)30839-1. PMID: 33039227.
  • Freeman K. Dynamic changes in diffusion measures improve sensitivity in identifying patients with mild traumatic brain injury. PLoS One. 2017 Jun 12;12(6):e0178360. PMID: 28604837
  • Freeman K, Miller Z, Herrington RR, Dreyfus N, Buttaravoli P, Burgess A, Nickerson JP, Daphtary N, and Bates JHT. An Oropharyngeal Device for Airway Management of Conscious and Semiconscious Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JACEP Open (2020)
  • Lentz S, Atchinson P and Roginski M. “Ventilate, Oxygenate and Do No Harm: Vent Basics for Emergency Physicians Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3.” Emergency Physicians Monthly. 2018 July; 25(7): 16-17 through September; 25(9): 12
  • Lentz S and Roginski M. “IV Fluid Debate: Balanced or Unbalanced. Emergency Physicians Monthly. 2018 June.
  • Lentz S, Atchinson P and Roginski M. “Blood Gases: ABG vs. VBG.” Emergency Physicians Monthly 2019 March.
  • Lentz S, Morrissette K, Porter B, DeWitt K, Koyfman A, Long B. What is the role of sugammadex in the Emergency Department? J Emerg Med (2020), PMID: 32962903
  • Lentz S, Grossman A, Koyfman A, Long B. High-Risk Airway Management in the Emergency Department. Part I: Diseases and Approaches. J Emerg Med. 2020;59(1):84-95. PMID: 32563613
  • Lentz S, Grossman A, Koyfman A, Long B, High-Risk Airway Management in the Emergency Department: Diseases and Approaches Part II. J Emerg Med (2020), PMID: 32591298
  • Lentz S, Roginski M, Montrief T, Ramzy M, Gottlieb M, Long B. Initial Emergency Department Mechanical Ventilation Strategies in COVID-19 Related Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure. Am J Emerg Med (2020), PMID: 33071092
  • Lentz S, Morrissette KM, Porter BA, DeWitt KM, Koyfman A, Long B. What is the Role of Sugammadex in the Emergency Department? J Emerg Med. 2021 Jan;60(1):44-53. Epub 2020 Sep 19. PMID: 32962903.
  • Lentz S, Collier KC, Willis G, and Long B. Diagnosis and Management of Adrenal Insufficiency and Adrenal Crisis in the Emergency Department. The Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2022. In Press.
  • Long B, Willis GC, Lentz S, Koyfman A, Gottlieb M. Evaluation and Management of the Critically Ill Adult With Diabetic Ketoacidosis. J Emerg Med. 2020 Sep;59(3):371-383. Epub 2020 Aug 4. PMID: 3276306
  • Long B, Lentz S, Gottlieb M. Alcoholic Ketoacidosis: Etiologies, Evaluation, and Management. J Emerg Med. 2021 Oct 25:S0736-4679(21)00717-4. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34711442.
  • Long B, Lentz S, Koyfman A, Gottlieb M. Evaluation and management of the critically ill adult asthmatic in the emergency department setting. Am J Emerg Med. 2020 Mar 19:S0735-6757(20)30171-6. PMID: 32222313.
  • Morrissette K, Bridwell R, Lentz S, et al. Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in the Emergency Department: Recognizing and Evaluating a Hidden Threat. J Emerg Med. 2021 Jun;60(6):743-751. Epub 2021 Mar 19. PMID: 33745765.
  • Neal M, Moore H, Moore E, Freeman K, Sperry J,  Mann K. Clinical Assessment of Trauma-Induced Coagulopathy and Its Contribution to Post-injury Mortality: A TACTIC Proposal. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (2015, 79(3):490-2.) PMID: 26307885Thomas AW, Watts R, Filippi CG, Nickerson JP, Andrews T, Lieberman G, Naylor MR, Eppstein MJ, 
  • Preston K, Harm S, Dreyfus N, Villalba N, Freeman K. Packed Red Blood Cells Accumulate Oxidative Stress With Increased Storage Duration. Shock. 2017 Aug;48(2):270-271. PMID: 28709159
  • Villalba N, Osborn Z, Derickson P, Manning C, Herrington RR, Kaminsky D, Freeman K. Diagnostic Performance of Pulse Cooximetry in the Emergency Department. Respiratory Care. 2019 Nov; 64(11):1351-1357. PMID: 31040204.


Global Health
  • Becker TK, Hansoti B, Bartels S, Bisanzo M, Jacquet GA, Lunney K, Marsh R, Osei-Ampofo M, Trehan I, Lam C, Levine AC; Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review (GEMLR) Group.  Global Emergency Medicine: A Review of the Literature from 2015.  Acad Emerg Med, 2016 Oct;23(10):1183-1191.  PMID 27146277
  • Boyle KL, Periyanayagam U, Babu KM, Rice BT, Bisanzo M. Pediatric Poisonings in a Rural Ugandan Emergency Department.  Pediatr Emerg Care, 2017 Oct 9.  PMID: 29016517
  • Bisanzo M, Nichols K, Hammerstedt H, Dreifuss B, Nelson SW, Chamberlain S, Kyomugisha F, Noble A. Arthur A. Thomas S.  Nurse Administered Ketamine Sedation at an Emergency Department in Rural Uganda.  Ann Emerg Med, 2012 Apr;59(4):268-275.  PMID: 22169331
  • Rice B, Periyanayagam U, Chamberlain S, Dreifuss B, Hammerstedt H, Nelson S, Maling S, Bisanzo M.  Mortality in Children Under Five Receiving Nonphysician Clinician Emergency Care in Uganda.  Pediatrics, 2016 Mar;137(3):e20153201.  PMID 26921282


Health Policy and Health Equity
  • Graham EM, Ferrel MN, Wells KM, et al. Gender-based Barriers in the Advancement of Women Leaders in Emergency Medicine: A Multi-institutional Qualitative Study. West J Emerg Med. 2021 Oct 26;22(6):1355-1359. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2021.7.52826. PMID: 34787562; PMCID: PMC8597699.
  • Keyes LE, Schlein SM, et al. Gender Distribution Associated With the Journal Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 2022, In Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2022.04.005.
  • Pulcini CD, Goyal MK, Hall M, De Souza HG, Chaudhary S, Alpern ER, Fein J, Fleegler E. Non-fatal firearm injuries: Utilization and expenditures for children pre- and post-injury. Acad Emerg Med. 2021 Mar 17. doi: 10.1111/acem.14252. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33730446.
  • Samuels-Kalow ME, Boggs KM, Cash RE, Herrington RR, Mick NW, Rutman MS, Venkatesh AK, Zabbo CP, Sullivan AF, Hasegawa K, Zachrison KS, Camargo CA Jr. Screening for Health-Related Social Needs of Emergency Department Patients. Ann Emerg Med. 2020 Nov 4:S0196-0644(20)30655-7. PMID: 33160720.
  • Schlein SM, Pollock NW, et. al. Gender Equity in Membership, Leadership, and Award Recognition in the Wilderness Medical Society, Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 2022, In Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2022.04.006
  • Teferi MM, Boggs KM, Espinola JA, Herrington RR, Mick NW, Rutman MS, Venkatesh AK, Zabbo CP, Hasegawa K, Samuels-Kalow ME, Weiner SG, Camargo CA Jr. Change in opioid policies in New England emergency departments, 2014 vs 2018. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 Jun 10;213:108105. PMID: 32615413.


Medical Education

  • Bounds R, Bush C, Aghera A, Rodriguez N, Stansfield RB, Santen SA; MERC at CORD Feedback Study Group. Emergency medicine residents' self-assessments play a critical role when receiving feedback. Acad Emerg Med. 2013 Oct;20(10):1055-61. PMID: 24127710.
  • Bounds R, Boone S. The Flipped Journal Club. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, Education Supplement, 2018; 19(1):23-27. PMID: 29383052
  • Bounds, R, Fredette, J. The Consultant Chat: A Novel Didactic Method for Specialist Presentations to Emergency Medicine Residents. Journal of Graduate Medical Education 2017 Jun;9(3):369-70.  PMID# 28638520.
  • Ford T, Fix ML, Madsen TE, Stroud S. The eyes have it: A low-cost model for corneal foreign body removal training. JETem. 2020;5(1). doi:10.21980/J82S85 
  • Pugh A, Ford T, Madsen T, et al. Impact of a financial incentive on the completion of educational metrics. Int J Emerg Med. 2020;13(1):60. doi:10.1186/s12245-020-00323-8
  • Ford T, Fix ML, Shappell E, et al. Beyond the emergency department: Effects of COVID-19 on emergency medicine resident education. AEM Educ Train. 2020. doi: 10.1002/aet2.10568
  • Fredette, J, Michalec, B, Billet, A, Bounds, R, et al. A qualitative assessment of emergency medicine residents’ receptivity to feedback. AEM Educ Train. 2021; 5:e10658. https://doi.org/10.1002/aet2.10658
  • Kessler, CS, Tadisina, KK, Saks, M, Franzen, D, Woods, R, Banh, KV, Bounds, R, Smith, M, Deiorio, N, Schwartz, A. The 5 Cs of Consultation: Training Medical Students to Communicate Effectively in the Emergency Department. Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 Nov;49(5):713-21. PMID: 26250838
  • Quinn A, Falvo L, Ford T, Kennedy S, Kaminsky J, Messman A. Curated collections for educators: Six key papers on teaching procedural skills. AEM Educ Train. 2021. doi:10.1002/aet2.10692
  • Wira CR 3rd, Madsen TE, Chang BP, Nomura JT, Marcolini E, Gentile NT, Schreyer KE, Merck LH, Siket M, Greenberg K, Zammit CG, Jauch EC, Fernanda Bellolio M; from the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Neurological Emergencies Interest Group. Is There a Neurologist in the House? A Summary of the Current State of Neurovascular Rotations for Emergency Medicine Residents. AEM Educ Train 2018;2:S56-67


Neurological Emergencies
  • Bak D, Siket MS. Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Diagnosis, Emergency Management and Prognosis. Peer-reviewed online FOAM post for emdocs.net October 11th, 2021
  • Jayaraman MV, Hemendinger ML, Baird GL, Yaghi S, Cutting S, Saad A, Siket M, Madsen TE, Williams K, Rhodes J, Haas RA, Furie KL, McTaggart RA. Field Triage for endovascular stroke therapy: a population-based comparison. J Neurointerv Surg. 2020 Mar;12(3):233-239. PMID:31484698
  • Lanata E, Siket MS. Transient Ischemic Attack. Peer-reviewed online FOAM post for emdocs.net – November 8th, 2021
  • Miller J, Merck LH, Wira CR, Meurer WJ, Schrock JW, Nomura JT, Siket MS, Madsen TE, Wright DW, Panagos PD, Lewandowski C. The advanced reperfusion era: implications for emergency medicine systems of ischemic stroke care. Annals of Emerg Med 2017;69:192-201
  • Siket MS, Heitsch L, Edlow JA. Transient ischemic attack: an evidence-based update on diagnosis and management. In: Jagoda A, ed. Emergency Stroke Care: Advances and Controversies, Volume I. EB Medicine, LLC; 2016:9-38
  • Siket MS. Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2016;34:861-882
  • Siket MS, Merchant RC. Psychogenic Seizures: A review and pitfalls in their acute diagnosis and Management. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2011;29:73-81.
  • Siket MS, Edlow JA. Transient ischemic attack: reviewing the definition, diagnosis, risk stratification and management for the emergency physician. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2012;30:745-70.
  • Siket MS, Edlow JA. Transient ischemic attack: an evidence-based approach. Emerg Med Pract 2013;15:1-26
  • Siket MS, Cadena R. Novel Treatments for Transient Ischemic Attack and Acute Ischemic Stroke. 2021 Feb; 39(1):227-242. PMID:33218660
  • Siket MS, Edlow JA. Dizziness and Vertigo. In: Manual of Neurologic Emergencies. Jagoda A. 1st Edition. Wolters Kluwer 2021
  • Siket MS. Headache. In: Tintinalli-in-your-pocket. 1st Edition – in preparation
  • Siket MS. The Emergency Department Neurologic Examination. In: Tintinalli-in-your-pocket. 1st Edition – in preparation
  • Yaghi S, Chang AD, Cutting S, Jayaraman M, McTaggart RA, Ricci BA, Dakay K, Narwal P, Grory BM, Burton T, Reznik M, Silver B, Gupta A, Song C, Mehanna E, Siket M, Lerario MP, Saccetti DC, Merkler AE, Kamel H, Elkind MSV, Furie K. Troponin Improves the Yield of Transthoracic Echocardiography in Ischemic Stroke Patients of Determined Stroke Subtype. Stroke 2018;49(11):2777-79.


Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Pulcini CD, Coller RJ, Macy ML, Alpern E, Harris D, Rodean J, Hall M, Chung PJ, Berry JG. Low-Resource Emergency Department Visits for Children with Complex Chronic Conditions. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2022 Feb 1;38(2):e856-e862.
  • Pulcini CD, T Pulcini CD, Turner TL, First LR. Generational Empathy: An Approach for Addressing Generational Differences. Pediatrics. Pediatrics. 2021 Mar;147(3):e20200191.
  • Pulcini CD, Coller RJ, Houtrow AJ, Belardo Z, Zorc J. Preventing Emergency Department Visits for Children with Medical Complexity through Ambulatory Care: A Systematic Review. Acad Pediatr. 2021 Jan 21:S1876-2859(21)00007-3. Available on-line at https://authors.elsevier.com/sd/article/S1876-2859(21)00007-3
  • Pulcini CD, Goyal MK, Hall M, Gruhler De Souza H, Chaudhary S, Alpern ER, Fein J, Fleegler E. Mental Health Service Utilization and Expenditures for Children Pre- and Post-Firearm Injury. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. In press. Available on-line at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379721001264?dgcid=author.
  • Pulcini CDLentz S, Saladino RA, Bounds RHerrington R, Michaels MG, Maurer SH. Emergency Management of Fever and Neutropenia in Children with Cancer: A Review. American Journal of Emergency Medicine. In Press.
  • Pulcini CD, Berman RS, Raphael JL, Patel M. The politicization of children: implications for child health and public policy. Pediatric Research, 2022. In Press.


Prehospital Emergency Care
  • Bomba JJ, Benson J, Hosmer D, Wolfson D. Administration of epinephrine by advanced emergency medical technicians for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in a rural emergency medical services system. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open. 2021 Oct 13;2(5):e12521. PMID: 34693397.
  • Gulec N, Lahey J, Suozzi JC, Sholl M, MacLean CD, Wolfson DL.  Basic and Advanced EMS Providers Are Equally Effective in Naloxone Administration for Opioid Overdose in Northern New England.  Prehosp Emerg Care.  Oct 12:1-7, 2017. PMID: 29023172.
  • Jordan MR, O'Keefe MF, Weiss D, Cubberley CW, MacLean CD, Wolfson DL. Implementation of the universal BLS termination of resuscitation rule in a rural EMS system.  Resuscitation.  Sep;118:75-81, 2017.  doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.07.004. Epub 2017 Jul 13. PMID: 28713042.
  • Ryan K, George D, Liu J, Mitchell P, Nelson K, Kue R. The Use of Field Triage in Disaster and Mass Casualty Incidents: A Survey of Current Practices by EMS Personnel. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jul-Aug;22(4):520-526. PMID: 29425472.
  • Schlein SM, Marcolini PG, Marcolini EG. Wilderness Neurology. Semin Neurol. 2019 Feb;39(1):137-148. PMID: 30743299.
  • Stein, E., Pruett, K., Anderson, C., & Braude, D. (2020). Cerebral Oximetry: A New Tool for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitations? Journal of Emergency Medical Services. August 2020.
  • Wolfson DL, Tandoh MA, Jindal M, Forgione PM, Harder VS.  Adult Intraosseous Access by Advanced EMTs: A Statewide Non-Inferiority Study.  Prehosp Emerg Care.  Jan-Feb 21(1):7-13, 2017.  Epub 2016 Aug 5.  PMID: 27494435.
  • Salzman JG, et al. (2017). "Intraosseous Pressure Monitoring in Healthy Volunteers." Prehosp Emerg Care 21(5): 567-574.

  • Ackil DJ, Toney A, Good R, Ross D, Germano R, Sabbadini L, Thiessen M, Bell C, Kendall J. Use of Hand Motion Analysis to Assess Competence and Skill Decay for Cardiac and Lung Point-of-Care Ultrasound. AEM Education and Training, 2020. doi: 10.1002/aet2.10560
  • Becker, BA, Kaminstein D, Secko M, Collin M, Kehrl T, Reardon L, Stahlman B. A prospective, multicenter evaluation of point-of-care ultrasound for appendicitis in the emergency department. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2021. doi.org/10.1111/acem.14378
  • Good RJ, Rothman KK, Ackil DJ, Kim JS, Orsborn J, Kendall JL. Hand motion analysis for assessment of nursing competence in ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous catheter placement. J Vasc Access, 2019 May;20(3):301-306.  PMID: 30318990
  • Maloney LM, Williams DW, Reardon L, Marshall RT, Alian A, Boyle J, Secko M. Utility of different lung ultrasound simulation modalities used by paramedics during varied ambulance driving conditions. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2021;36(1):42–46. PMID: 33109288
  • Novik J, Reardon L, Reardon RF.  Chapter 6: Transesophageal Echocardiography.  Ma and Mateer’s Emergency Ultrasound, 4th Ed.  New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2020, pp. 131-146.
  • Reardon L, Scheels WJ, Singer AJ, Reardon RF.  Feasibility and accuracy of speckle tracking echocardiography in emergency department patients.  Am J Emerg Med.  2018 Dec;36(12):2254-2259.  doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.08.074.  Epub 2018 Sep 4.  PMID: 30322665
  • Reardon L, Kneib J, Mallon WK.  “From Lecture Hall to Chest Tube in Saint Lucia.” October 31, 2018.  http://epmonthly.com/article/from-lecture-hall-to-chest-tube-in-saint-lucia/
  • Reardon RF, Laudenbach A, Heller K, Barnes R, Reardon L, Pahl T, Weekes A.  Chapter 5: Transthoracic Echocardiography.  Ma and Mateer’s Emergency Ultrasound, 4th Ed.  New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2020, pp. 47-129.
  • Secko MA, Reardon L, Gottlieb M, Morley EJ, Lohse MR, Thode Jr, HC, Singer AJ.  Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography to Diagnose Dislocated Shoulders: A Prospective Cohort.  Ann Emerg Med.  2020 76(2):119-128. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2020.01.008 PMID: 32111508
  • Singer D, Larson J, Reardon L, Lohse M, Fernandes R, Sbayi S, Thode HC, Singer AJ, Secko M. Can point-of-care ultrasound speed up time to diagnosis for small bowel obstruction? Acad Emerg Med. 2022 Nov;29(11):1379-1380. doi: 10.1111/acem.14570. Epub 2022 Aug 11. PMID: 35892185.

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